DYMAT 2009
Volume 1, 2009
DYMAT 2009 - 9th International Conference on the Mechanical and Physical Behaviour of Materials under Dynamic Loading
Page(s) 639 - 646
Section Experimental Techniques
Published online 15 September 2009
DYMAT 2009 (2009) 639-646
DOI: 10.1051/dymat/2009091

Impact compressive failure of a unidirectional carbon/epoxy laminated composite in three principal material directions

T. Yokoyama and K. Nakai

Okayama University of Science, Okayama 700-0005, Japan

Published online: 15 September 2009

The impact compressive failure behavior of a unidirectional T700/2521 carbon/epoxy laminated composite in three principal material directions or fiber (1-), in-plane transverse (2-) and through-thickness (3-) directions is investigated on the conventional split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB). Cubic and rectangular block specimens with the same square cross section are machined from an about 10 mm thick composite laminate. The uniaxial compressive stress-strain curves up to failure at quasi-static and intermediate strain rates are measured on an Instron testing machine. A pair of steel rings are attached at both ends of the rectangular block specimens to prevent end-crushing or brooming only in the 1-direction tests, except at high strain rates. A modified sleeved SHPB is applied to allow recovery of the failed specimen without being subjected to repeated compressive loading during the test. It is shown that the ultimate compressive strength (or failure stress) exhibits no strain-rate effect in the 1-direction, but a slight strain-rate effect in the 2- and 3-direction over a strain-rate range of 10−3 to 103/s. It is also shown that the ultimate compressive strain (or failure strain) decreases marginally with strain rate in all three directions. Dominant failure mechanisms are found to significantly vary with strain rate and loading directions along the three principal material axes.

© EDP Sciences 2009