EPJ Web Conf.
Volume 250, 2021DYMAT 2021 - 13th International Conference on the Mechanical and Physical Behaviour of Materials under Dynamic Loading
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Modelling & Numerical Simulation|
|Published online||09 September 2021|
Characterization of Ottawa Sand and Application to Blast Simulations
Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78238, USA
2 Rafael LTD, Haifa 3102102, Israel
* Corresponding author email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 9 September 2021
The present work aims at presenting consistent data both from laboratory characterization and from blast tests to see how a computer model performs when only data from mechanical tests are being fed to the constitutive model. A sand (Ottawa 20-30) that meets ASTM C778 requirements, i.e., well characterized microscopically, was tested in triaxial compression under confinement pressures ranging from 50 to 300 MPa and moisture contents of 0 to 15% as well as high strain-rates. These tests provided both the experimental equation of state (pressure vs. volume) and compaction curves as well as the strength vs. pressure properties to build a constitutive model both in LS-DYNA and CTH. Blast tests were subsequently performed by burying explosive at three different depths inside a sand pot with a rigid steel plate on top. During flight, the height of the steel plate was tracked with Phantom high-speed cameras to determine the impulse transmitted to the plate as well as the maximum jump height. Simulations were performed with both an Eulerian code (CTH) and a Lagrangian/ALE code (LS-DYNA) using the constitutive model determined during the material characterization. The predictions of both codes are as close as 7% and as far as 22%, depending on the test configuration.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.