DYMAT 2009
Volume 2, 2009
DYMAT 2009 - 9th International Conference on the Mechanical and Physical Behaviour of Materials under Dynamic Loading
Page(s) 935 - 940
Section Micro-Structural Effects
Published online 15 September 2009
DYMAT 2009 (2009) 935-940
DOI: 10.1051/dymat/2009131

Microstructural model for shear strain localization and occurrence of adiabatic shear band at high strain rates

M.N. Bassim1 and A.G. Odeshi2

1  Mechanical & Man. Engineering, University of Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
2  Mechanical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

Published online: 15 September 2009

The occurrence of adiabatic shear bands during high strain rate deformation of metals has been analyzed using a finite element approach. It was found that these bands occur at inhomogeneities in the microstructure and result from the competing processes of strain hardening and adiabatic heating. In microstructures which are reinforced by the presence of hard precipitates or second phase particles, the adiabatic shear bands are confined to narrow spacings between such hard precipitates and thus are narrow in shape with very large strains within the bands leading to microcracks. In more homogeneous microstructures, the bands are wider, with lower total strains and less susceptibility to damage. This theory is verified by several experiments on metals and alloys including steels, titanium, and aluminum/alumina composites. In all these experiments, the occurrence of shear bands is associated with the precipitates’ spacing in the microstructure where they can initiate and develop.

© EDP Sciences 2009