Progress towards materials science above 1000 GPa (10 Mbar) on the NIF laserB.A. Remington1, H.-S. Park1, S.T. Prisbrey1, S.M. Pollaine1, R.M. Cavallo1, R.E. Rudd1, K.T. Lorenz1, R.C. Becker1, J.V. Bernier1, N.R. Barton1, A. Arsenlis1, S.G. Glendinning1, A.V. Hamza1, D.W. Swift1 and A.F. Jankowski2
1 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA
2 Texas Tech. University, Lubbock, TX
Published online: 15 September 2009
Solid state dynamics experiments at extreme pressures, P > 1000 GPa (10 Mbar), and ultrahigh strain rates (106–108 s−1) are being developed for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) laser. These experiments will open up exploration of new regimes of materials science at an order of magnitude higher pressures than have been possible to date. Such extreme, solid state conditions can be accessed with a ramped pressure drive. The experimental, computational, and theoretical techniques are being developed and tested on the Omega laser. Constitutive models for solid state strength under these conditions are tested by comparing simulations with experiments measuring perturbation growth from the Rayleigh–Taylor instability in solid state samples of vanadium. Radiography techniques using synchronized bursts of x-rays have been developed to diagnose this perturbation growth. Velocity interferometer measurements (VISAR) establish the high pressure conditions generated by the ramped drive. Experiments on Omega measuring dynamic material strength at peak pressures of ~1 Mbar will be discussed. The time resolved observation of foil cracking and void formation show the need for tamped samples and a planar drive.
© EDP Sciences 2009